A company's annual financial statements will comprise of (a) a balance sheet as at the financial year end date, (b) a profit and loss account for the financial year, and (c) any other additional statements and information required by the financial reporting framework adopted in relation to the company. They must give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit or loss of the company as at the financial year end date.
A company's financial year begins on the day immediately after its previous financial year end and continues for a 12 month period.
The board of directors approve the statutory financial statements of the company when they are satisfied the financial statements give a true and fair view of the company's financial position and comply with the Companies Act.
Following approval, two directors will sign the financial statements on behalf of the board of directors. (Section 324(1) Companies Act 2014 refers).
It should be noted that Section 324(7) states that "every director of the company at the time the statutory financial statement are approved shall be taken to be party to their approval unless he or she shows that he or she took all reasonable steps to prevent their being approved."
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